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Christine McDaniel



Articles by Christine McDaniel

Commerce Should Improve the Objection Process for the Section 232 Tariff Exclusion Requests

July 13, 2020

I write today in response to the request by the Bureau of Industry and Security of the US Department of Commerce for public comment regarding the exclusion process for Section 232 steel and aluminum import tariffs and quotas.
I appreciate the opportunity to submit this public comment on how to improve the tariff exclusion process. The Mercatus Center at George Mason University is dedicated to bridging the gap between academic ideas and real-world problems and to advancing knowledge about the effects of regulation on society. This comment, therefore, does not represent the views of any particular affected party or special interest group. Rather, it is designed to help policymakers as they consider how to change these policies. Specifically, the comment seeks to help the Department of

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A Pivot to a Services Trade Agenda Can Help Economic Growth

April 2, 2020

The coronavirus pandemic has restricted people’s physical movement but not the exchange of information, knowledge, and other digitally delivered services. The post-coronavirus future will likely continue to include an ever-expanding range of associated business, professional, and technical services that firms and workers deliver digitally. Policymakers need to expand their focus beyond goods trade to include a trade agenda that embraces US services in the world economy.
Growth in trade in services and digital connections has outpaced merchandise trade for the past 25 years, as advances in information communications technology and digitalization have enabled more services to be delivered remotely over long distances. The pandemic is likely to reinforce this trend. Better measurement tools

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Economic Implications for the United States of a North America without NAFTA or USMCA

May 21, 2019

President Trump has stated that he intends to withdraw the United States from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) if Congress does not approve the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). Evaluating both the legal possibility and the economic effect of this action is difficult. There is profound disagreement in the United States on the extent of executive power. International trade is governed by a complex web of multilateral, regional, and bilateral agreements. Withdrawing from NAFTA without ratifying the USMCA would have potential ripple effects as other agreements will fill the vacuum created by the end of a regional trading arrangement between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
While acknowledging that NAFTA remains in force if the USMCA is not ratified, this

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Once A Role Model, US Sets Dangerous Example On Trade

March 22, 2019

U.S. leadership on trade once set an example that helped lower barriers to international commerce, as other countries followed the world’s largest economy into the global trading system. But President Trump’s use of a national security loophole to slap tariffs on steel and aluminum imports now sets a bad example that other countries may follow.
Global trade rules recognize that it is each country’s sovereign right to look out for its own interests. If a country truly believes that an imported good threatens its national security, then its government should be free to restrict those imports. President Trump recently invoked the national security justification for steel and aluminum tariffs. But the grounds for those actions appear shaky at best, and at worst are a thinly veiled excuse for

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