Dan Griswold discusses the U.S.-China tariff dispute on CNBC.Read More »
Articles by Daniel Griswold
A big reason why tariffs are so tempting to politicians is that the costs they impose on the economy are diffused. These costs are spread across millions of households and thousands of businesses, forcing them to pay higher prices for the protected good, while the benefits are concentrated among the small but well-organized sectors that gain from restrictions on foreign competition.
According to a new Mercatus Center study, the chief executive officers of the companies that directly benefit from tariffs imposed by the US government are among the biggest winners from trade restrictions.
In the study, “Executive Incentives, Import Restrictions, and Competition: Empirical Analysis of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders,” Professor Brian Blank at the College of Business at Mississippi
The British Parliament voted this week to hold a national election on December 12. If the Conservative Party holds on to its lead in the polls, the results could deliver an early Christmas present for those who support “Brexit” and a potential US-UK trade agreement.
The dominant issue of the election will be whether the UK will finally exit the European Union (EU), as voters narrowly directed in a 2016 referendum, or whether so-called Brexit will be delayed once again or even scuttled altogether. The UK’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson has pledged that if his Conservative Party wins a majority, he will withdraw the UK from the EU by January 31, 2020—the latest extension date granted by the EU.
If Brexit finally happens, it will open the opportunity for the US and the UK to negotiate a
Daniel Griswold writes on the advantages of a strong dollar.
Read it at the National Interest.
Daniel Griswold discusses the trade spat between the U.S. and the European Union over Airbus subsidies.Read More »
Daniel Griswold appears on The Exchange to talk about current trade disputes with Mexico.Read More »
Daniel Griswold appears on The Final 5 to discuss trade agreements with Mexico and upcoming trade talks with China.Read More »
Americans continue to trade robustly with the rest of the world, according to this morning’s monthly report from the U.S. Commerce Department. The escalating tariffs imposed by the Trump administration have put a big dent in U.S. trade with China, but that has only diverted trade elsewhere, and meanwhile Americans continue to pay a mounting tariff bill to the federal government.
One of the big reality checks for the Trump administration in the report on trade through August is that the US trade deficit is stubbornly resistant to modification by tariffs. When President Trump took office, one of his biggest economic goals was to reduce and eliminate the US trade deficit with the rest of the world, starting with the huge bilateral deficit with China.
The trade report certainly confirms that
With his tousled hair, populist flair, and the blessing of the queen, Boris Johnson moved into 10 Downing Street this week as the United Kingdom’s new prime minister. His ascent, besides providing more colorful images for TV, will bring both Brexit and a future US-UK free trade agreement closer to reality.
Johnson has championed Brexit, the UK’s exit from the European Union that was approved narrowly by British voters in a referendum in June 2016. Johnson has committed his government to leave the EU by the October 31 deadline, even if it means “crashing out” without an agreement with the EU on exit terms.
Putting aside the short-term consequences of a hard Brexit, the UK’s exit from the EU’s customs union will free the UK government to sign its own trade agreements with other nations,
Thank you, Chairwoman Velázquez, Ranking Member Chabot, and members of the committee for the opportunity to talk about the urgent need to reform the US visa system to better serve our nation in the 21st century. I’m a senior research fellow and codirector of the Trade and Immigration Project at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. The Mercatus Center is the world’s premier university source for market-oriented ideas—bridging the gap between academic ideas and real-world problems.
Today, I would like to suggest the following three takeaways:
The H-1B visa program and the high-skilled immigration it facilitates are key to the prosperity of the US economy, including the healthcare sector.
Small businesses as well as large businesses have a stake in a more modern, streamlined, and
Daniel Griswold writes on the reduction in economic uncertainty brought about by the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement, the replacement for NAFTA.
Read it at The Hill.
Daniel Griswold appears on C-SPAN’s Washington Journal to discuss recent policy developments regarding the southern border with Mexico.Read More »
Daniel Griswold discusses the positive outcomes of normalized trade with China, and how trade liberalization in general leads to mutual benefits.
Read it at Reason.
Daniel Griswold appeared on CNBC’s The Exchange to discuss President Trump’s threat to close the southern border with Mexico.Read More »
President Trump has delivered on his promise to shake up Washington, arguably nowhere more so than in the policy space of international trade. President Trump’s trade agenda has challenged more than seven decades of bipartisan policy commitment to seeking lower trade barriers at home and abroad through negotiated agreements.
While President Trump pays lip service to pursuing free trade and eliminating tariffs, his trade policies so far have been marked by higher U.S. duties on a range of products, from washing machines to steel. Under Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, the administration has imposed duties on $250 billion of imports from China, with those duties set to escalate in 2019 absent an agreement with China. And under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, the
Recent suggestions for higher “reciprocal” tariffs on goods entering the United States imported from countries that impose higher tariffs than the United States would be an economic and administrative nightmare—and a policy mistake of historic proportions. So argues Daniel Griswold in “Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall: The Danger of Imposing ‘Reciprocal’ Tariff Rates.”
The United States presently applies tariffs on a nondiscriminatory “unconditional most-favored nation” (MFN) basis (this is also consistent with our international treaty obligations). The guiding principle of unconditional MFN is equality: another nation’s duty rates are internal matters as long as they are applied equally to similar products from all other nations. This has been the foundation of US trade policy and the
Thank you for the opportunity to offer comments for the January 29, 2018, hearing held by the Office of United States Trade Representative on negotiating objectives for a potential US-UK trade agreement. The Mercatus Center at George Mason University is dedicated to bridging the gap between academic ideas and real-world problems and to advancing knowledge about market-based policies that advance the freedom and well-being of the American people.
At a historic meeting at Chequers, England, in July 2018, President Donald Trump and Prime Minister Theresa May agreed to pursue an ambitious US-UK trade agreement if and when the United Kingdom leaves the European Union. For the people of the United States, such an agreement would deepen our commercial ties to a longtime ally and the world’s
Aboard Air Force One on his way back from the G-20 summit in Buenos Aires this weekend, President Trump renewed his threat to withdraw the United States from the almost 25-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement with Canada and Mexico. It’s a threat the president would be wise to reconsider.
President Trump has long been a critic of NAFTA. This fall his administration succeeded in renegotiating the agreement with Canada and Mexico, and last week he signed the re-named “US-Mexico-Canada Agreement” (USMCA) with his counterparts at the beginning of the G-20 meeting.
In an effort to prod Congress to approve the revised agreement, President Trump told reporters, “I will be formally terminating NAFTA shortly. …We (will) get rid of NAFTA. It’s been a disaster for the United States.” When
Daniel Griswold discusses President Trump’s proposed executive order on birthright citizenship with host Larry Mantle.Read More »
As we approach the November elections, President Trump has been touting the strong economy as one of his major accomplishments. In a recent speech at a steel plant in Illinois, the president said, “We’re having the best economy we’ve ever had in the history of our country.”
Just how good is the U.S. economy compared to what the president inherited in January 2017, and how much credit do he and the GOP Congress deserve for it? The answer is mixed: The economy has indeed improved under the president’s watch, but not spectacularly so, and the credit due to Washington is modest…
Continue reading: Trump vs Obama: The Economic Tale of the Tape
Somewhat lost among all the front-page news last week was President Trump’s meeting with the president of South Korea in New York to sign a revised version of the US-Korea Free Trade Agreement.
President Trump hailed the changes as representing an entirely new agreement to replace the 2012 pact that he had denounced earlier in his presidency as “a horrible deal” that was destroying America. In fact, according to Bob Woodward’s new book on the Trump presidency, Fear, the president was ready in April 2017 to sign a letter withdrawing the United States from the agreement, but aides managed to quietly snatch it from his desk.
The changes the Trump administration negotiated with South Korea are not major and certainly do not represent anything like a new agreement. Nor are the changes a net
Daniel Griswold discusses the Trump administration’s attempts to redefine the term "public charge" and how it might affect legal immigration.Read More »
As talks resume with Canada this week over revising the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), President Trump is threatening to terminate the accord if our northern neighbor refuses to agree to U.S. terms, including the scrapping of its protectionist dairy program. While the almost 25-year-old agreement is due for a tune up, ending it with Canada would be a huge mistake.
Negotiations so far have yielded mixed results. In bilateral talks, the United States and Mexico agreed to add a chapter enhancing digital trade, and for Mexico to raise its “de minimis threshold” exempting small shipments from customs inspections and duties to $100. Other rule changes would protect intellectual property and reduce non-tariff barriers against agricultural trade…
Continue reading: NAFTA Needs a
Trade tensions with China show no sign of resolving themselves. The US administration seems to believe that China has more to lose; after all, American exports to China are far lower than vis-versa. Dan Griswold points out the flaws in this line of thought and urges the restoration of free trade in an opinion for the LA Times.
Read it here: In a trade war, everyone loses
Daniel Griswold appeared on CNBC’s Closing Bell to discuss Trump’s proposed trade deal with Mexico and Canada.Read More »
Senator John McCain was a hero in wartime and he was a hero in defending the freedom of Americans to trade with the rest of the world and to welcome immigrants to the United States.
While he confessed that he was not an expert on economic policy, McCain understood instinctively that embracing more openness to trade and immigration was profoundly in America’s economic and foreign policy interests. He truly put his country first, ahead of special interest deals and tribal politics.
McCain’s voting record during his six terms in the Senate was strongly pro-trade (see the Cato Institute’s compilation of congressional trade votes). He voted in favor of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the Uruguay Round Agreements Act that established the World Trade Organization, permanent normal trade
Harvard economist Dani Rodrik is one of the more heterodox voices in today’s debate on trade and globalization. He’s not a Trumpian protectionist, nor is he a Milton-Friedman-style “globalist” (like me) who advocates unabashedly for free trade and free markets.
Rodrik appears often on op-ed pages and has garnered more than 100,000 followers on Twitter. In his much discussed book from 1997, “Has Globalization Gone Too Far?” and his latest, “Straight Talk on Trade,” he’s carved his niche as someone who is not opposed outright to globalization, but who thinks it has been allowed to run amok, inviting the kind of backlash from the right and the left that we are seeing today. As Vox put it recently, Rodrik warned us “that tensions around global trade would lead to greater divisions between the
After the release of the monthly employment and trade reports, Daniel Griswold took some time to sift through the highlights. What effects are the tariffs having? Are manufacturing jobs returning? To learn the answers to these questions and more, read the post at Mad About Trade.
Read it here: A few observations from today’s employment and trade reports
At a meeting last week in Peosta, Iowa to tout his trade agenda, President Trump took special aim at Canada. “The Canadians—you have a totally closed market … they have a 375 percent tax on dairy products, other than that it’s wonderful to deal. And we have a very big deficit with Canada—trade deficit.”
The president’s remarks may have been mere bluster designed to get Canada to cut a deal on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), but they were detached from reality and they bode ill for a favorable outcome from the administration’s current showdown with our major trading partners.
Far from being “totally closed,” Canada’s market is almost totally open to US exports. Thanks to NAFTA, 100 percent of US non-agricultural exports enter Canada duty free, including manufacturing
In his whirlwind visit to Europe, President Trump first told The Sun newspaper that British Prime Minister Theresa May’s compromise on Brexit “killed” the possibility of the U.S.-U.K. free trade agreement. Then, when he stood next to the prime minister the next day, he said, “a great bilateral trade agreement” was possible after all.
If the United Kingdom does exit the European Union under the softer terms set out in the U.K. government’s white paper last week, a free trade agreement (FTA) with the United States would not only be possible but a positive step forward for the two nations and their “special relationship…
Continue reading: US-UK free trade agreement would only deepen the ‘special relationship’
Photo credit: Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP/Shutterstock