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Dustin Chambers, Colin O'Reilly



Articles by Dustin Chambers, Colin O'Reilly

The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Arizona

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Arizona economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
143,888 people living in poverty
3.4 percent higher income inequality
170 fewer businesses annually
2,204 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Arizona ranks 39 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality,

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The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Kentucky

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Kentucky economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
83,183 people living in poverty
2.6 percent higher income inequality
104 fewer businesses annually
1,473 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Kentucky ranks 22 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality,

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The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Mississippi

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Mississippi economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
86,135 people living in poverty
3.6 percent higher income inequality
68 fewer businesses annually
904 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Mississippi ranks 23 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality,

Read More »

The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Nebraska

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Nebraska economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
34,232 people living in poverty
4 percent higher income inequality
67 fewer businesses annually
853 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Nebraska ranks 29 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality, reduced

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The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Ohio

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Ohio economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
236,454 people living in poverty
3.6 percent higher income inequality
287 fewer businesses annually
4,508 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Ohio ranks 3 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality, reduced

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The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Oklahoma

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Oklahoma economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
91,665 people living in poverty
3.7 percent higher income inequality
113 fewer businesses annually
1,469 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Oklahoma ranks 15 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality,

Read More »

The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Pennsylvania

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Pennsylvania economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
153,499 people living in poverty
2.3 percent higher income inequality
361 fewer businesses annually
5,195 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Pennsylvania ranks 11 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income

Read More »

The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Rhode Island

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Rhode Island economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
16,282 people living in poverty
2.9 percent higher income inequality
37 fewer businesses annually
474 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Rhode Island ranks 30 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income

Read More »

The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Virginia

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Virginia economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
71,199 people living in poverty
1.8 percent higher income inequality
239 fewer businesses annually
3,221 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Virginia ranks 16 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality,

Read More »

The Regressive Effects of Regulations in Texas

18 days ago

Key Findings
The impact of federal regulations from 1997 to 2015 on the Texas economy is associated with the following regressive effects:
489,241 people living in poverty
2.7 percent higher income inequality
698 fewer businesses annually
9,861 lost jobs annually
7.35 percent higher prices
With regard to the volume of state-level regulations, Texas ranks 5 of 44 states for which data are available (where a rank of “1” is most burdensome).
Regulations have unintended consequences. Recent research shows that a greater regulatory burden (as measured by the number of regulatory restrictions—instances of the words and phrases shall, must, may not, prohibited, and required—included in rules and regulations) is associated with increased poverty rates, higher levels of income inequality, reduced

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Regulation and Income Inequality in the United States

June 17, 2020

US income inequality has risen over the past two decades. During that same period, federal regulatory restrictions have risen as well. Dustin Chambers and Colin O’Reilly argue that the two are linked. In “Regulation and Income Inequality in the United States,” they demonstrate that states exposed to more federal regulation tend to have higher income inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient.
Government regulation often seeks to ensure that firms comply with minimum standards for providing goods and services. Many of these well-intentioned regulations can increase costs. Unfortunately, these costs often fall hardest on small businesses and low-income individuals. Regulations can also protect established firms from having to com­pete with small firms trying to expand and startups trying

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