I highly recommended Carlton Hayes' A Generation of Materialism, 1871-1900. It chronicles a great tragedy. During this period, the economic, technological, and scientific fruits of the Enlightenment reached historic highs. But intellectual appreciation of the Enlightenment rapidly drowned beneath the twin waves of nationalism and socialism - paving the way for World War I, Communism, Nazism, World War II, and the Cold War. This would have been pathetic enough if wise intellectuals were overpowered by the benighted masses. But with few exceptions, contemporary intellectuals led the attack on the Enlightenment - or, more precisely, pretended it never happened. Though Hayes is basically a Wilsonian
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