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Friends in high places

Summary:
A number of experts on technology have expressed concern about the national security implications of allowing Chinese companies/products like Huawei, TikTok and WeChat to have access to the US market. I’ve been skeptical of their arguments, although I concede that I am not well informed on technology issues. On the other hand, I wonder if tech experts have sufficient awareness of the “public choice” aspects of giving the government the power to run an industrial policy. Previously I noted that the US government’s original intention to protect US consumers from possible spying by Huawei has morphed into a crusade to destroy the Chinese company. Political considerations also seem to be showing up in the TikTok case. Oracle has offered to purchase a portion of TikTok

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A number of experts on technology have expressed concern about the national security implications of allowing Chinese companies/products like Huawei, TikTok and WeChat to have access to the US market. I’ve been skeptical of their arguments, although I concede that I am not well informed on technology issues. On the other hand, I wonder if tech experts have sufficient awareness of the “public choice” aspects of giving the government the power to run an industrial policy.

Previously I noted that the US government’s original intention to protect US consumers from possible spying by Huawei has morphed into a crusade to destroy the Chinese company. Political considerations also seem to be showing up in the TikTok case. Oracle has offered to purchase a portion of TikTok and insure that user data is safe, but some Trump administration officials remain unconvinced:

Several people said such a plan could satisfy career officials at Cfius. But some cautioned that the situation was not analogous to any previous case.

“We have a president who is running a campaign against China and any indication of giving in to Beijing over TikTok will be seen as weakness,” said a person involved in the negotiations, who was concerned about the deal receiving approval from the Trump administration. . . .

A veteran Cfius lawyer said any deal with ByteDance that let the Chinese company retain a majority ownership of the app in the US would be hard for the Trump administration to swallow.

I get worried whenever I see news reports of economic policymakers wanting to avoid perceptions of “weakness”, or outcomes being “hard to swallow”.  Does this address national security issues, or doesn’t it?

In the end, I expect the deal will likely go through, but I am not entirely reassured by the reasons why:

Oracle was originally brought into the negotiations to provide an alternative to Microsoft Corp., MSFT +1.69% a rival bidder with Walmart as a partner, said one person familiar with the talks. The U.S. investment firms Sequoia Capital and General Atlantic, which are existing investors in ByteDance, went in search of a tech company with close ties to the administration and settled on Oracle, the person said.

Oracle co-founder Larry Ellison hosted a fundraiser for Mr. Trump this year at his house, and Chief Executive Safra Catz also worked on the executive committee for the Trump transition team in 2016.

It seems that the Chinese believe that US economic policy decisions are made based on personal connections with the administration.  I’m not sure if that’s true, but the perception is enough to distort the market.  Would a takeover attempt led by a Trump critic have had an equal chance of success?  I have my doubts.

However you feel about this specific issue, it’s important to recognize that we are a long way from national security decisions being made by philosopher kings.  Once you grant the government the power to enact an industrial policy, don’t expect the decisions to be free of political/personal considerations.  On balance, I trust the market more than I trust any government.

PS.  My wife traveled to China last week and I’ve started using WeChat.  I’m willing to accept the risk that the Chinese government is spying on my calls.  For years I’ve assumed that the NSA knows whatever they want to know about my digital communications.

Scott Sumner
Scott B. Sumner is Research Fellow at the Independent Institute, the Director of the Program on Monetary Policy at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University and an economist who teaches at Bentley University in Waltham, Massachusetts. His economics blog, The Money Illusion, popularized the idea of nominal GDP targeting, which says that the Fed should target nominal GDP—i.e., real GDP growth plus the rate of inflation—to better "induce the correct level of business investment". In May 2012, Chicago Fed President Charles L. Evans became the first sitting member of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) to endorse the idea.

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